Mechanical Characterization and Analysis of Different-Type Polyimide Feedthroughs Based on Tensile Test and FEM Simulation for an Implantable Package

Seonho Seok, Hyung Dal Park, Yong Jun Kim, Jinseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents the mechanical behaviors of different types of polyimide feedthroughs that are frequently used for implantable polymer encapsulation. Implantable packages of electronic devices often comprise circuits mounted on printed circuit boards (PCBs) encapsulated in a biocompatible polymer material, with input/output feedthroughs for electrical interconnections. The feedthroughs are regarded as essential elements of the reliability of the package since they create inevitable interfaces with the encapsulation materials. Flexible materials are frequently used for feedthroughs owing to their ease of manufacturing; thus, their mechanical properties are crucial as they directly interact with parts of the human body, such as the brain and neurons. For this purpose, tensile tests were performed to characterize the mechanical properties of flexible PCBs (FPCBs) and photosensitive polyimides (PSPIs). Commercial FPCBs and homemade PSPIs of two different thicknesses were subjected to tensile tests for mechanical characterization. The FPCBs showed typical stress–strain curves, while the PSPIs showed brittleness or strain hardening depending on the thickness. The material properties extracted from the tensile tests were used for explicit modeling using the finite element method (FEM) and simulations to assess mechanical behaviors, such as necking and strain hardening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1295
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the Korea Medical Device Development Fund grant funded by the Korean government (the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, the Ministry of Health & Welfare, the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety) (Project Number: 1711138281, KMDF_PR_20200901_0145), the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science & ICT (2022M3E5E9016506), and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Institutional Program under Project 2E31642.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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