Mean shift tracker combined with online learning-based detector and Kalman filtering for real-time tracking

Jongmin Jeong, Tae Sung Yoon, Jin Bae Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Color-based visual object tracking is one of the most commonly used tracking methods. Among many tracking methods, the mean shift tracker is used most often because it is simple to implement and consumes less computational time. However, mean shift trackers exhibit several limitations when used for long-term tracking. In challenging conditions that include occlusions, pose variations, scale changes, and illumination changes, the mean shift tracker does not work well. In this paper, an improved tracking algorithm based on a mean shift tracker is proposed to overcome the weaknesses of existing methods based on mean shift tracker. The main contributions of this paper are to integrate mean shift tracker with an online learning-based detector and to newly define the Kalman filter-based validation region for reducing computational burden of the detector. We combine the mean shift tracker with the online learning-based detector, and integrate the Kalman filter to develop a novel tracking algorithm. The proposed algorithm can reinitialize the target when it converges to a local minima and it can cope with scale changes, occlusions and appearance changes by using the online learning-based detector. It updates the target model for the tracker in order to ensure long-term tracking. Moreover, the validation region obtained by using the Kalman filter and the Mahalanobis distance is used in order to operate detector in real-time. Through a comparison against various mean shift tracker-based methods and other state-of-the-art methods on eight challenging video sequences, we demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is efficient and superior in terms of accuracy and speed. Hence, it is expected that the proposed method can be applied to various applications which need to detect and track an object in real-time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-206
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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