MAX and MAB Phases: Two-Dimensional Layered Carbide and Boride Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Applications

Nur Farhanah Rosli, Muhammad Zafir Mohamad Nasir, Nikolas Antonatos, Zdeněk Sofer, Apurv Dash, Jesus Gonzalez-Julian, Adrian C. Fisher, Richard D. Webster, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of a class of layered materials known as MAX and MAB phases have yet to gain interest in the scientific community. Herein, electrochemical and toxicity studies of six MAX and MAB phases (Ti2AlC, Ti2AlN, Ti3AlC2, Ti3SiC2, Cr2AlB2, and MoAlB) were explored. The materials were found to possess high heterogeneous electron transfer (HET) rates, enhanced electrochemical sensing of ascorbic acid and uric acid, and promising electrocatalytic performances toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). MAB phases possessed better electrochemical properties than did MAX phases. In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity studies toward various human cells found near negligible toxicity toward the cells tested deeming them safe for handling and biocompatible for future biological applications. Therefore, MAX and MAB phases can be regarded as safe layered materials for potential electrochemical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6010-6021
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister's Office, Singapore under the CREATE programme. M.P. acknowledges the financial support of Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (EXPRO: 19-26896X).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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