This study compared three marker-free registration methods that are applicable to a navigation system that can be used for maxillary sinus surgery, and evaluated the associated errors, with the aim of determining which registration method is the most applicable for operations that require accurate navigation. Methods: The CT digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) data of ten maxillary models in DICOM files were converted into stereolithography file format. All of the ten maxillofacial models were scanned three dimensionally using a light-based threedimensional scanner. The methods applied for registration of the maxillofacial models utilized the tooth cusp, bony landmarks and maxillary sinus anterior wall area. The errors during registration were compared between the groups. Results: There were differences between the three registration methods in the zygoma, sinus posterior wall, molar alveolar, premolar alveolar, lateral nasal aperture and the infraorbital areas. The error was smallest using the overlay method for the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, and the difference was statistically significant.
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