Machine Learning–Aided Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosis Based on Ultrasound Imaging Integrated with Computer-Extracted Measurable Features

Sangmi Lee, Myeongkyun Kang, Keunho Byeon, Sang Eun Lee, In Ho Lee, Young Ah Kim, Shin Wook Kang, Jung Tak Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Although ultrasound plays an important role in the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD), image interpretation requires extensive training. High operator variability and limited image quality control of ultrasound images have made the application of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) challenging. This study assessed the effect of integrating computer-extracted measurable features with the convolutional neural network (CNN) on the ultrasound image CAD accuracy of CKD. Ultrasound images from patients who visited Severance Hospital and Gangnam Severance Hospital in South Korea between 2011 and 2018 were used. A Mask regional CNN model was used for organ segmentation and measurable feature extraction. Data on kidney length and kidney-to-liver echogenicity ratio were extracted. The ResNet18 model classified kidney ultrasound images into CKD and non-CKD. Experiments were conducted with and without the input of the measurable feature data. The performance of each model was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). A total of 909 patients (mean age, 51.4 ± 19.3 years; 414 [49.5%] men and 495 [54.5%] women) were included in the study. The average AUROC from the model trained using ultrasound images achieved a level of 0.81. Image training with the integration of automatically extracted kidney length and echogenicity features revealed an improved average AUROC of 0.88. This value further increased to 0.91 when the clinical information of underlying diabetes was also included in the model trained with CNN and measurable features. The automated step-wise machine learning–aided model segmented, measured, and classified the kidney ultrasound images with high performance. The integration of computer-extracted measurable features into the machine learning model may improve CKD classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1100
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications


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