We have previously reported that adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) cultured at high cell density can induce cancer cell death through the expression of type I interferons and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligands (TRAIL). Here, we investigated whether TRAIL-expressing ASCs induced by M1 macrophages can alleviate colitis-associated cancer in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) animal model. M1 macrophages significantly increased the TRAIL expression in ASCs, which induced the apoptosis of LoVo cells in a TRAIL-dependent manner. However, CD133knockout LoVo cells, generated using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system, were resistant to TRAIL. In the AOM/DSS-induced colitis-associated cancer model, the intraperitoneal transplantation of TRAIL-expressing ASCs significantly suppressed colon cancer development. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining revealed a low CD133 expression in tumors from the AOM/DSS + ASCs group when compared with tumors from the untreated group. Additionally, the ASC treatment selectively reduced the number of M2 macrophages in tumoral (45.7 ± 4.2) and non-tumoral mucosa (30.3 ± 1.5) in AOM/DSS + ASCs-treated animals relative to those in the untreated group (tumor 71.7 ± 11.2, non-tumor 94.3 ± 12.5; p < 0.001). Thus, TRAIL-expressing ASCs are promising agents for anti-tumor therapy, particularly to alleviate colon cancer by inducing the apoptosis of CD133+ cancer stem cells and decreasing the M2 macrophage population.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry