Ru thin films were deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) through alternating exposures of a metallorganic precursor, C16 H 22 Ru [(η6 -1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene) (η4 -cyclohexa-1,3-diene)ruthenium(0)] and O2 at 220°C. The growth rate was 0.1 and 0.086 nm/cycle on TiN and thermally grown SiO2, respectively. On both substrates, negligible incubation cycles were observed indicating that Ru nucleation was enhanced compared to the results obtained using the cyclopentadienyl-based Ru precursors. Plan-view transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed the formation of a continuous Ru film with a thickness of ∼3.5 nm after only 50 ALD cycles. The step coverage was approximately 100% over the contact holes (top opening diameter was 89 nm) with a high aspect ratio (24:1).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering