Long-term Intracellular Recording of Optogenetically-induced Electrical Activities using Vertical Nanowire Multi Electrode Array

Jisoo Yoo, Hankyul Kwak, Juyoung Kwon, Go Eun Ha, Elliot H. Lee, Seungwoo Song, Jukwan Na, Hyo Jung Lee, Jaejun Lee, Areum Hwangbo, Eunkyung Cha, Youngcheol Chae, Eunji Cheong, Heon Jin Choi

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Continuous recording of intracellular activities in single cells is required for deciphering rare, dynamic and heterogeneous cell responses, which are missed by population or brief single-cell recording. Even if the field of intracellular recording is constantly proceeding, several technical challenges are still remained to conquer this important approach. Here, we demonstrate long-term intracellular recording by combining a vertical nanowire multi electrode array (VNMEA) with optogenetic stimulation to minimally disrupt cell survival and functions during intracellular access and measurement. We synthesized small-diameter and high-aspect-ratio silicon nanowires to spontaneously penetrate into single cells, and used light to modulate the cell’s responsiveness. The light-induced intra- and extracellular activities of individual optogenetically-modified cells were measured simultaneously, and each cell showed distinctly different measurement characteristics according to the cell-electrode configuration. Intracellular recordings were achieved continuously and reliably without signal interference and attenuation over 24 hours. The integration of two controllable techniques, vertically grown nanowire electrodes and optogenetics, expands the strategies for discovering the mechanisms for crucial physiological and dynamic processes in various types of cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4279
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Brain Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2018M3C7A1024654) and the Korea government(MSIP) (No. 2017R1A2B3011586).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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