Lock-in regions of laminar flows over a streamwise oscillating circular cylinder

Ki Ha Kim, Jung Il Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, flow over a streamwise oscillating circular cylinder is numerically simulated to examine the effects of the driving amplitude and frequency on the distribution of the lock-in regions in laminar flows. At , lock-in is categorized according to the spectral features of the lift coefficient as two different lock-in phenomena: Harmonic and subharmonic lock-in. These lock-in phenomena are represented as maps on the driving amplitude-frequency plane, which have subharmonic lock-in regions and two harmonic lock-in regions. The frequency range of the subharmonic region is shifted to lower frequencies with increasing amplitude, and the lower boundary of this subharmonic region is successfully predicted. A symmetric harmonic region with a symmetric vortex pattern is observed in a certain velocity range for a moving cylinder. Aerodynamic features induced by different flow patterns in each region are presented on the driving amplitude-frequency plane. The lock-in region and aerodynamic features at and are compared with the results for . A subharmonic region and two harmonic regions are observed at , and these show the same features as for at a low driving amplitude. Lock-in at also shows one subharmonic region and two harmonic regions. However, compared with the case, the symmetric harmonic lock-in is dominant. The features of aerodynamic force at and are represented on a force map, which shows similar characteristics in corresponding regions for the case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-351
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 10

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Cambridge University Press.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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