Liquid air energy storage coupled with liquefied natural gas cold energy: Focus on efficiency, energy capacity, and flexibility

Jinwoo Park, Seungsik Cho, Meng Qi, Wonjun Noh, Inkyu Lee, Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


A novel power-management-system design coupling liquid air energy storage (LAES) with liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification is proposed that combines flexibility in responding to power demand, presented high energy efficiency and capacity. The proposed liquefied natural gas-thermal energy storage-liquid air energy storage (LNG-TES-LAES) process uses LNG cold energy via two different mechanisms. During on-peak times, when the proposed process requires no power consumption to meet the relatively higher electricity demand, LNG cold energy is recovered and stored via liquid propane. During off-peak times, the proposed process uses both cold energy from LNG and liquid propane, effectively doubling the cold energy available and enhancing the process flexibility. The liquid propane cold energy is used for air compression to reduce the power input requirement, while LNG cold energy is used mainly to liquefy air. These unique features afforded an electrical round-trip efficiency of 187.4% and an exergy efficiency of 75.1%, which are the highest among recently reported values. The energy capacity for the regasification of 1 MTPA LNG was 12.14 MW, which is adequate for bulk power management systems. By adopting flexibility, LNG cold energy has been distributed efficiently, and where LNG could be continuously regasified in the energy storage/release processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119308
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government ( MSIT ) [No. 2020R1F1A1050617 ].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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