Leptin, MUC2 and mTOR in appendiceal mucinous neoplasms

Mee Soo Chang, Sun Ju Byeon, Sun Och Yoon, Baek Hui Kim, Hye Seung Lee, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Woo Ho Kim, Kyu Joo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Leptin contributes to mucin production in colonic epithelium and regulates carcinogenesis via various signalling pathways. We evaluated the proteins involved in mucin-producing carcinogenesis and putative targets for molecular therapy in appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. Methods: Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization were performed in 22 cases of appendiceal mucinous adenoma, 20 mucinous neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential and 14 mucinous adenocarcinomas. Results: Leptin, MUC2, MUC5AC, mTOR and ERK were more frequently immunopositive in mucinous adenocarcinomas compared with mucinous adenomas or mucinous neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential (p < 0.05). STAT3 revealed immunopositivity in 82% of tumours, regardless of tumour category. MUC2 immunopositivity was associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei (p < 0.05). None of the tumours exhibited c-kitimmunoexpression, amplification of Her2 or EGFR, or translocation of ALK. The mTOR-immunopositive group of patients had a lower rate of disease-free survival compared with the mTOR-immunonegative group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Leptin may collaborate with MUC2 and MUC5AC in mucin-producing carcinogenesis in an mTOR-, STAT3- and ERK-dependent manner. STAT3 may be activated early during tumorigenesis. MUC2 and mTOR (but not c-kit, Her2, EGFR and ALK) may represent targets for molecular therapy in pseudomyxoma peritonei and appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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