Lead halide perovskites with nanoscale geometries have received recent attention due to the defect-tolerant high photoluminescence quantum yield at tunable emission wavelengths and the possibility of room-temperature synthesis that does not compromise the physical properties of the materials. These characteristics offer opportunities to advance displays that cover the widest perceivable color. However, lead toxicity obstructs the commercialization of this technology. Therefore, recent efforts have investigated lead-free halide perovskite nanocrystals. Here, we provide our perspectives on the most exciting achievements in the materials design and photophysical properties of lead-free perovskite nanocrystals, particularly for applications in light-emitting devices. This Perspective includes a short summary on the characteristic features of halide perovskite nanocrystals; discussion on the candidate elements to replace lead; methods to prepare colloidal lead-free perovskite nanocrystals; methods to control and enhance the optical properties; a recent demonstration of utilizing lead-free perovskite nanocrystals in light-emitting devices; and an outlook on the field.
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© 2018 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry