Large-Area Ti3C2Tx-MXene Coating: Toward Industrial-Scale Fabrication and Molecular Separation

Ji Hoon Kim, Gyeong Seok Park, Yong Jae Kim, Eunji Choi, Junhyeok Kang, Ohchan Kwon, Seon Joon Kim, Jeong Ho Cho, Dae Woo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Large-scale fabrication of MXene films is in high demand for various applications, but it remains difficult to meet industrial requirements. In this study, we develop a slot-die coating method for the preparation of large-area MXene membranes. The technique allows the fabrication of continuous and scalable coatings with a rapid coating speed of 6 mm s-1. The thickness can be readily controlled from the nanometer scale to the micrometer scale, and the alignment of the nanosheet is enhanced by the shear force of the slot-die head. Molecular separation experiments employing a film with a thickness of approximately 100 nm are performed. A nanofiltration performance with water permeance of 190 LMH/bar and molecular weight cutoff of 269 Da is achieved, surpassing previously reported results obtained using MXene-based nanofiltration membranes. The stability of the membrane is highlighted by its nanofiltration performance of 30 days under harsh oxidizing conditions, which is the longest operation ever achieved for a 2D material-based membrane. The extraordinary stability of the film suggests its high potential for industrial and practical applications. The antioxidizing phenomena can be attributed to self-protection of the MXene surface by adsorbed organic molecules, which are particularly stabilized with positively charged molecules via chemisorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8860-8869
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 25

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF-2020R1C1C1003289), as well as by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660), an internal grant (code 20200543) from the Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT), and the Technology Innovation Program (20013621, Center for Super Critical Material Industrial Technology) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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