J-curve relationship between corrected QT interval and mortality in acute heart failure patients

Chan Soon Park, Hyun Jai Cho, Eue Keun Choi, Sang Eun Lee, Min Seok Kim, Jae Joong Kim, Jin Oh Choi, Eun Seok Jeon, Kyung Kuk Hwang, Shung Chull Chae, Sang Hong Baek, Seok Min Kang, Byungsu Yoo, Dong Ju Choi, Youngkeun Ahn, Kye Hoon Kim, Myeong Chan Cho, Byung Hee Oh, Hae Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: This study investigated the prognostic power of corrected QT (QTc) interval in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) according to sex. Methods: We analyzed multicenter Korean Acute Heart Failure registry with patients with AHF admitted from 2011 to 2014. Among them, we analyzed 4,990 patients who were followed up to 5 years. Regarding QTc interval based on 12 lead electrocardiogram, patients were classified into quartiles according to sex. Results: During follow-up with median 43.7 months, 2,243 (44.9%) patients died. The relationship between corrected QT interval and all-cause mortality followed a J-curve relationship. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, both sex had lowest mortality in the second QTc quartile. There were significant prognostic differences between the second and the fourth quartiles in male (log-rank p = 0.002), but not in female (log-rank p = 0.338). After adjusting covariates, the third (hazard ratio [HR], 1.185; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.001 to 1.404; p = 0.049) and the fourth (HR, 1.404; 95% CI, 1.091 to 1.535; p = 0.003) quartiles demonstrated increased risk of mortality compared to the second quartile in male. In female, however, there was no significant difference across quartiles. QTc interval was associated with 5-year all-cause mortality in J-shape with nadir of 440 to 450 ms in male and 470 to 480 ms in fe-male. Conclusions: QTc interval was an independent predictor of overall death in male, but its significance decreased in female. The relationship between QTc interval and all-cause mortality was J-shaped in both sex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1384
Number of pages14
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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