Is variation in posterior tibial veins a risk factor for deep-vein thrombosis?

Kyu Ho Yi, Hee Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: This study proposes variations in the posterior tibial vein as one of the risk factors for deep-vein thrombosis. Understanding the anatomical classification of the posterior tibial vein would guide the antegrade approach of catheter-directed thrombolysis. Materials and methods: One hundred thirty-four legs from Korean and Thai cadavers were dissected. The posterior tibial veins were classified into four types according to the number of proximal and distal veins. Results: The most common type was type Ia (64/134), followed by type IIa (28/134), type Ib (24/134), and type IIb (16/134). Conclusions: The anterior tibial and fibular veins had exactly two paired veins; however, the posterior tibial vein had many variations. We assume that patients with type IIb and IIa have a higher risk of thrombosis and hidden symptoms due to collateral formation. Additionally, the classification of the posterior tibial vein and dividing into proximal and distal posterior tibial vein would help practitioners predict the course and guide the application of catheter-directed thrombolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-834
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Association of Clinical Anatomists

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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