Investigation of twin vortices near the interface in turbulent compound open-channel flows using DNS data

Younghoon Joung, Sung Uk Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The direct numerical simulation of turbulent flows in a compound open channel is described. Mean flows and turbulence structures are provided, and are compared with numerical and measured data available in the literature. The simulated results show that twin vortices are generated near the interface of the main channel and the floodplain and that their maximum magnitude is about 5% of the bulk streamwise velocity. Near the interface, the simulated wall shear stress reaches a maximum, contrary to experimental data. A quadrant analysis shows that both sweeps and ejections become the main contributor to the production of Reynolds shear stresses near the interface. Through the conditional quadrant analysis, it is demonstrated how the directional tendency of dominant coherent structures determines the production of Reynolds shear stress and the pattern of twin vortices near the interface. In addition, the time-dependent characteristics of three-dimensional vortical structures in a compound open-channel flow were investigated using direct numerical simulation (DNS) data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1756
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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