Investigation of Slider Dynamics Considering Bias Voltage and Lubricant Charge in the Unsteady Proximity Condition

Jonghak Choi, No Cheol Park, Young Pil Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The relationship between slider and lubricant becomes increasingly important as the mechanical spacing between slider and disk is reduced to satisfy the demand for higher areal density. At a reduced flying height, the slider easily contacts the lubricant, which can cause slider instability. This study analyzed slider dynamics to improve the head–disk reliability in the unsteady proximity condition, considering bias voltages between the slider, disk, and lubricant. Force–distance curves were measured using atomic force microscopy to investigate changes in lubricant performance induced by an applied voltage. Additionally, the touch-down power and take-off power were measured under various applied voltage conditions. Experiments were carried out to estimate slider instability as a function of charged disk and slider conditions, to improve the slider dynamics in the unsteady proximity condition. The effect of the bias voltage induced by a voltage applied to the lubricant was carefully examined to accurately understand slider dynamics. The relationship between the lubricant behavior and the applied voltage was investigated; the voltage applied to the disk was more influential in improving slider dynamics. Consequently, the effects of bias voltage and lubricant, as induced by a charged disk, should be considered when analyzing slider dynamics to improve head–disk interface reliability in an unsteady proximity condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Technology Advancement Research Program (TARP) funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government under granted 18CTAP-C133353-02.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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