In children with concomitant food allergy and atopic dermatitis (AD), uncovering the causative food allergen is more arduous. We evaluated the basophil activation test (BAT) for its diagnostic value in children, including those with AD, for milk or egg allergy. We simultaneously measured serum-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels and performed BATs for cow’s milk and egg white. We compared their overall diagnostic performance using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) with the Delong method and compared them in children with AD. Analyses were completed for 75 children for milk allergy and for 85 children for egg allergy. The sIgE and percentage of basophils with the expression of CD63 were correlated for both milk (r = 0.384, p < 0.001) and egg (r = 0.557, p < 0.001). The AUC of sIgE (0.701) for milk allergy was significantly increased when combined with the BAT (0.805; p = 0.029). In children with AD, the AUC of the BAT (0.924) for milk allergy was significantly larger than that of sIgE (0.701; p = 0.017). The BAT is a potentially useful diagnostic tool for milk allergy in children when combined with sIgE. Moreover, it may be a surrogate marker for milk allergy in children with AD.
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