Interaction of elongation factor-1α and pleckstrin homology domain of phospholipase C-γ1 with activating its activity

Jong Soo Chang, Heon Seok, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Do Sik Min, Bong Hyun Ahn, Young Han Lee, Ju Won Suh, Jong Woo Kim, Shintaro Iwashita, Akira Omori, Sachiyo Ichinose, Osamu Numata, Jeong Kon Seo, Yong Seok Oh, Pann Ghill Suh

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41 Citations (Scopus)


The pleckstrin homology (PH) domain is a small motif for membrane targeting in the signaling molecules. Phospholipase C (PLC)-γ1 has two putative PH domains, an NH2-terminal and a split PH domain. Here we report studies on the interaction of the PH domain of PLC-γ1 with translational elongation factor (EF)-1α, which has been shown to be a phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase activator. By pull-down of cell extract with the glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins with various domains of PLC-γ1 followed by peptide sequence analysis, we identified EF-1α as a binding partner of a split PH domain of PLC-γ1. Analysis by site-directed mutagenesis of the PH domain revealed that the β2-sheet of a split PH domain is critical for the interaction with EF-1α. Moreover, Dot-blot assay shows that a split PH domain specifically binds to phosphoinositides including phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate (PIP2). So the PH domain of PLC-γ1 binds to both EF-1α and PlP2. The binding affinity of EF-1α to the GST·PH domain fusion protein increased in the presence of PIP2, although PIP2 does not bind to EF-1α directly. This suggests that EF-1α may control the binding affinity between the PH domain and PIP2. PLC-γ1 is substantially activated in the presence of EF-1α with a bell-shaped curve in relation to the molar ratio between them, whereas a double point mutant PLC-γ1 (Y509A/F510A) that lost its binding affinity to EF-1α shows basal level activity. Taken together, our data show that EF-1α plays a direct role in phosphoinositide metabolism of cellular signaling by regulating PLC-γ1 activity via a split PH domain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19697-19702
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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