Integrative chemical and omics analyses reveal copper biosorption and tolerance mechanisms of Bacillus cereus strain T6

Ping Wu, Niraj R. Rane, Chao Xing, Swapnil M. Patil, Hyun Seog Roh, Byong Hun Jeon, Xiaofang Li

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive understanding of the cellular response of microbes to metal stress is necessary for the rational development of microbe-based biosorbents for metal removal. The present study investigated the copper (Cu) sorption and resistance mechanism of Bacillus cereus strain T6, a newly isolated Cu-resistant bacterium, by integrative analyses of physiochemistry, genomics, transcriptomics, and metabolomics. The growth inhibition assay and biosorption determination showed that this bacterium exhibited high tolerance to Cu, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 4.0 mM, and accumulated Cu by both extracellular adsorption and intracellular binding. SEM microscopic images and FTIR spectra showed significant cellular surface changes at the high Cu level but not at low, and the involvement of surface functional groups in the biosorption of Cu, respectively. Transcriptomic and untargeted metabolomic analyses detected 362 differentially expressed genes and 60 significantly altered metabolites, respectively. Integrative omics analyses revealed that Cu exposure dramatically induced a broad spectrum of genes involved in Cu transport and iron homeostasis, and suppressed the denitrification pathway, leading to significant accumulation of metabolites for metal transporter synthesis, membrane remolding, and antioxidant activities. The results presented here provide a new perspective on the intricate regulatory network of Cu homeostasis in bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129002
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume435
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug 5

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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