Integrating binding and expression data to predict transcription factors combined function

Mahmoud Ahmed, Do Sik Min, Deok Ryong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Transcription factor binding to the regulatory region of a gene induces or represses its gene expression. Transcription factors share their binding sites with other factors, co-factors and/or DNA-binding proteins. These proteins form complexes which bind to the DNA as one-units. The binding of two factors to a shared site does not always lead to a functional interaction. Results: We propose a method to predict the combined functions of two factors using comparable binding and expression data (target). We based this method on binding and expression target analysis (BETA), which we re-implemented in R and extended for this purpose. target ranks the factor's targets by importance and predicts the dominant type of interaction between two transcription factors. We applied the method to simulated and real datasets of transcription factor-binding sites and gene expression under perturbation of factors. We found that Yin Yang 1 transcription factor (YY1) and YY2 have antagonistic and independent regulatory targets in HeLa cells, but they may cooperate on a few shared targets. Conclusion: We developed an R package and a web application to integrate binding (ChIP-seq) and expression (microarrays or RNA-seq) data to determine the cooperative or competitive combined function of two transcription factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number610
JournalBMC Genomics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 7

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Integrating binding and expression data to predict transcription factors combined function'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this