Insular activation and functional connectivity in firefighters with post-traumatic stress disorder

Deokjong Lee, Jung Eun Lee, Junghan Lee, Changsoo Kim, Young Chul Jung

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Background Firefighters are frequently exposed to stressful situations and are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Hyperresponsiveness to threatening and emotional stimuli and diminishment of executive control have been suggested as manifestations of PTSD. Aims To examine brain activation in firefighters with PTSD by conducting an executive control-related behavioural task with trauma-related interferences. Method Twelve firefighters with PTSD and 14 healthy firefighters underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing a Stroop match-to-sample task using trauma-related photographic stimuli. Seed-based functional connectivity analysis was conducted using regions identified in fMRI contrast analysis. Results Compared with the controls, the participants with PTSD had longer reaction times when the trauma-related interferences were presented. They showed significantly stronger brain activation to interfering trauma-related stimuli in the left insula, and had weaker insular functional connectivity in the supplementary motor area and the anterior cingulate cortex than the controls. They also showed a significant correlation between left insula-supplementary motor area connectivity strength and the hyperarousal subscale of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. Conclusions Our findings indicate that trauma-related stimuli elicit excessive brain activation in the left insula among firefighters with PTSD. Firefighters with PTSD also appear to have weak left insular functional connectivity with executive control-related brain regions. This aberrant insular activation and functional connectivity could be related to the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms in firefighters.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere69
JournalBJPsych Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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