The initial nucleation and growth of atomic layer deposited Hf O2 films under various surface conditions were investigated by in situ medium energy ion scattering analysis. The influences of an O-H terminated surface on the initial growth stage were investigated in detail using the atomic density of Hf that reacted on the surface. The measured growth rate of Hf O2 per cycle was applied to a mathematical model based on classical chemical kinetics. A parabolic initial growth with an extremely low rate at the initial stage of growth was observed for the film with a hydrogen-terminated surface. However, linear growth, with a value of 1.41× 1014 Hf atoms cm2 cycle, was maintained for films grown on an O-H terminated surface. The ∼16 steric hindrance factor extracted from a phenomenological model was related to the size of the tetrahedral Hf Cl4 molecule and the possible attachment sites. Moreover, the surface roughness and electrical properties of the atomic layer deposited Hf O2 films show a strong dependence on the initial nucleation and growth on the different surface conditions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Program for Tera-level Nanodevices of the Ministry of Science and Technology as one of the 21 Century Frontier Programs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films