Background/Aim: The CD34+CD38- leukaemia cell population contains leukaemia stem cells (LSCs) responsible for treatment failure in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and, thus, novel therapies are required to eradicate LSCs without harming healthy haematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Materials and Methods: The present study evaluated the effects of co-treatment with LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt inhibitor) and apigenin (a CK2 inhibitor) (LY/Api) at subtoxic concentrations on leukaemia cell lines and primary AML cells. Results: LYIApi synergistically induced apoptosis in leukaemia cells, especially CD34+CD38- leukaemia cells. However, these effects were negligible in HSCs. LY/Api-induced apoptosis was accompanied by activation of caspase cascades and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. Caspase inhibitor or Akt overexpression abrogated this synergistic induction in apoptosis by LYIApi. LYIApi also led to remarkable down-regulation of anti-apoptotic proteins including Bcl-xL and NF-κB in CD34 +CD38- leukaemia cells, but not in healthy hematopoietic stem cells. Conclusion: Inhibition of both CK2 and PI3K/Akt pathways may be a promising LSCs-targeted therapeutic strategy for AML.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Nov|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research