Influence of inhomogeneity of the polymerization light beam on the microhardness of resin cement under a CAD-CAM block

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Statement of problem: The beam profile of a light polymerization unit shows an inhomogeneous distribution. Therefore, the light passing through indirect restorations may be inhomogeneous and affect the polymerization of the resin cement. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of the inhomogeneous distribution of irradiance passing through a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) block on the microhardness of resin cement. Material and methods: IPS e.max CAD (A3 LT, A3 HT), Celtra Duo (A3 LT), LAVA Ultimate (A3 LT), and Vita Enamic (A3 T) blocks were tested and cut into 1.0-, 1.5-, 2.0-, and 4.0-mm thicknesses (N=100). The resin cements were Variolink N base (light-polymerized) and RelyX U200 (dual-polymerized). The light transmission, irradiance, and beam profile of each block were measured. For microhardness measurement, 5 points (-4 mm, -2 mm, 0 mm, +2 mm, and +4 mm) that coincided with the distance from the center to the periphery of the tip were marked on the specimen's surface. At each point, microhardness was measured 24 hours after polymerization. Repeated measured 1-way ANOVA with the LSD test was performed to analyze the effect of measuring points on the microhardness (α=.05). Results: The microhardness of the resin cements decreased with an increase of the CAD-CAM block thickness (P<.05). Resin cements under a 1-mm CAD-CAM block showed relatively uniform microhardness, whereas those under 2-mm and 4-mm blocks showed inhomogeneous microhardness (P<.05). Conclusions: Inhomogeneous light transmission from a light polymerization unit through CAD-CAM blocks resulted in the nonuniform microhardness of resin cement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802.e1-802.e10
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery


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