Influence of climate variability on near-surface ozone depletion events in the Arctic spring

Ja Ho Koo, Yuhang Wang, Tianyu Jiang, Yi Deng, Samuel J. Oltmans, Sverre Solberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Near-surface ozone depletion events (ODEs) generally occur in the Arctic spring, and the frequency shows large interannual variations. We use surface ozone measurements at Barrow, Alert, and Zeppelinfjellet to analyze if their variations are due to climate variability. In years with frequent ODEs at Barrow and Alert, the western Pacific (WP) teleconnection pattern is usually in its negative phase, during which the Pacific jet is strengthened but the storm track originated over the western Pacific is weakened. Both factors tend to reduce the transport of ozone-rich air mass from midlatitudes to the Arctic, creating a favorable environment for the ODEs the correlation of ODE frequencies at Zeppelinfjellet with WP indices is higher in the 2000s, reflecting stronger influence of the WP pattern in recent decade to cover ODEs in broader Arctic regions. We find that the WP pattern can be used to diagnose ODE changes and subsequent environmental impacts in the Arctic spring. Key Points Observed ODE frequencies in the Arctic spring have large interannual variability The WP pattern is the most significant climate factor for ODE variations The influence of the WP pattern on ODEs becomes stronger in the recent decade

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2582-2589
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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