Influence of besifovir dipivoxil maleate combined with L-Carnitine on hepatic steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Yeon Woo Jung, Moonhyun Kim, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Hyub Han, Seung Up Kim

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV) with L-carnitine is the first-line antiviral agent for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. We investigated whether BSV combined with L-carnitine improves hepatic steatosis (HS). Methods: Treatment-naive patients with CHB who were initiated on antiviral therapy (AVT) were enrolled. The magnitude of HS was assessed using hepatic steatosis index (HSI), and HS improvement was defined as a ≥ 10% reduction in the HSI score from the baseline. Results: The mean age of the study patients was 56 years with a male predominance (n = 178, 64.7%). The mean body mass index (BMI), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and platelet count were 23.5 kg/m2, 49.6 IU/L, 49.0 IU/L, and 191.3 x 109/L, respectively. The mean HSI and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index were 32.6 and 0.5, respectively. After 6 months of AVT, platelet count (mean, 191.3→167.0 x 109/L), fasting glucose (mean, 113.1→105.9 mg/dL), AST (mean, 49.6→28.0 IU/L), ALT (mean, 49.0→33.9 IU/L), and total cholesterol (mean, 170.0→162.1 mg/dL) levels significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). In the BSV group, AST (mean, 95.2→30.2 IU/L) and ALT (mean, 81.1→31.1 IU/L) levels significantly reduced (all P < 0.05), whereas HSI and FIB-4 index were maintained (all P > 0.05). In the univariate analysis, age, BMI, diabetes, cirrhosis, fasting glucose level, and ALT were significantly associated with HS improvement (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: BSV with L-carnitine did not show any improvement of HS in patients with CHB. Further prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to validate the potential beneficial effects of BSV with L-carnitine in CHB infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere104
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 4

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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