Antifungal activity of two imidazoles (miconazole and ketoconazole) and one polyene (amphotericin B) was evaluated using an automatic growth analysis system. Spores of Aspergillus niger were inoculated on the polylysine-coated glass bottom of a culture vessel. A colony formed in liquid medium was exposed to an antifungal agent and subsequently washed. Based on the dynamic growth rate of a test hypha selected from the colony in response to the antifungal agent, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated. The influence of time of reading (1, 2 and 3 h after washing) on the MIC determined was investigated. MICs for test hyphae subjected to antifungal pre-treatment were compared with those for hyphae without pre-treatment. Hyphae pre-treated with an antifungal agent for 1 h were found to become adapted and tolerant to that antifungal agent. Hyphae exposed and adapted to an imidazole obtained tolerance to amphotericin B as well as to the other imidazole.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics