Incarcerated Women in Spain: The Salience of Traumatic Exposure

Francisco Caravaca-Sánchez, Kristina R. Vidovic, Noelle E. Fearn, Michael G. Vaughn

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Incarcerated women are at high risk of exposure to traumatic events with subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study builds on prior research by adding new findings from Spain on the association between childhood and prison victimization, and negative emotional states with PTSD symptoms during incarceration among women. The study sample (N = 174) included female prison inmates enrolled from two prisons located in Southeast Spain. Participants completed self-report questionnaires including demographic and criminal variables, childhood and prison victimization (including emotional, physical and sexual victimization), negative emotional states (including depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms) and PTSD symptoms. Logistic regression analysis revealed that women screening positive for trauma had significantly greater odds for the assortment of childhood victimization, prison victimization (specifically physical victimization) and depression, anxiety, and stress. Current findings suggest a need to include these construct assessments in the screening and identification of PTSD among incarcerated women in Spain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)NP10126-NP10147
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 SAGE Publications.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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