Improvement of Extreme Value Modeling for Extreme Rainfall Using Large-Scale Climate Modes and Considering Model Uncertainty

Hanbeen Kim, Taereem Kim, Ju Young Shin, Jun Haeng Heo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Extreme value modeling for extreme rainfall is one of the most important processes in the field of hydrology. For the improvement of extreme value modeling and its physical meaning, largescale climate modes have been widely used as covariates of distribution parameters, as they can physically account for climate variability. This study proposes a novel procedure for extreme value modeling of rainfall based on the significant relationship between the long-term trend of the annual maximum (AM) daily rainfall and large-scale climate indices. This procedure is characterized by two main steps: (a) identifying significant seasonal climate indices (SCIs), which impact the longterm trend of AM daily rainfall using statistical approaches, such as ensemble empirical mode decomposition, and (b) selecting an appropriate generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution among the stationary GEV and nonstationary GEV (NS-GEV) using time and SCIs as covariates by comparing their model fit and uncertainty. Our findings showed significant relationships between the long-term trend of AM daily rainfall over South Korea and SCIs (i.e., the Atlantic Meridional Mode, Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the fall season, and North Atlantic Oscillation in the summer season). In addition, we proposed a model selection procedure considering both the Akaike information criterion and residual bootstrap method to select an appropriate GEV distribution among a total of 59 GEV candidates. As a result, the NS-GEV with SCI covariates generally showed the best performance over South Korea. We expect that this study can contribute to estimating more reliable extreme rainfall quantiles using climate covariates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number478
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Aquatic Science
  • Biochemistry


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