Improvement of bonding strength to titanium surface by sol-gel derived hybrid coating of hydroxyapatite and titania by sol-gel process

Ki Hyeong Im, Sang Bae Lee, Kwang Mahn Kim, Yong Keun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we investigated the hydroxyapatite(HA)/titania(TiO2) hybrid coating on Ti substrate in order to combine advantages of both materials, namely the adhesion strength of TiO2 on the substrate as well as the bioactivity of the HA. Composite sols of HA and TiO2 were synthesized using calcium nitrate tetrahydrate and triethyl phosphite with various ratio. They were dropped onto cp Ti substrate and followed by spin-coating at 2000rpm for 10s. Then dried for 24h at room temperature and were heat-treated at 500°C for 2h. The crystalline phases, roughness and thickness of the coating films were measured by XRD, surface profiler, and SEM, respectively. The scratch test was performed as a criterion of adhesion strength between the coating film and the substrate. The critical load at which the coating film was peeled off completely from the substrate is determined using spherical diamond stylus. The bioactivity was observed after suspended in a simulated body fluid at 37°C. Effect of composition on the cell attachment onto the substrate was determined by MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) method according to the amount of TiO2 addition. Preosteoblast-like MG 63 cells were selected in this determination. According to increase the amount of TiO2, the debonding strength of the hybrid coating film from Ti substrate was increased as well as the attachment density of MG 63 cells as expected. The debonding strength and the cell attachment density showed significant higher value than that of pure HA when the amount of TiO2 was exceeded 30% and 50%, respectively (p < 0.05). These hybrid coating films were proved to be bioactive from the needle-shaped bone-like apatite formation after 2weeks of exposure to simulated body fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1138
Number of pages4
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number4-7
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Medical Science and Engineering Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korea government (MOST) (no. R13-2003-13).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Improvement of bonding strength to titanium surface by sol-gel derived hybrid coating of hydroxyapatite and titania by sol-gel process'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this