Improvement characteristics shown in holistic regeneration of Ballymun toward sustainable community

Yeunsook Lee, Soohyun Lim, Gunhyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Substantial numbers of urban and residential environments constructed in the 20th century are experiencing degeneration and the importance of challenging to revitalize community holistically is getting more seriously recognized. There, however, has been limitation in grasping the holistic regeneration information as urban regeneration usually goes through a long-term and complicated procedure. Yet, the urban and housing regeneration's direction is required to be holistic in the 21st Century. Any precedent case that had tried the holistic regeneration needs to be checked thoroughly and thereby the result needs to be applied to the future attempts as a reference and knowledge base. The purpose of this study was to delineate improvement characteristics that appeared during the course of holistic regeneration in Ballymun of Ireland. This research is an archival research in nature which also used content analysis technique since it deals with reports and newsletters as archival records that were accumulated on a regular base throughout the whole process. The leading projects continued over ten years of improvement were scrutinized in the perspective of physical, social, economic, cultural, and environmental dimensions of regeneration. The main results were, first, a series of improvement activities and projects to regenerate each of five dimensions were delineated for comprehensive understanding. Second, connected patterns for synergistic improvement were identified and patterns were described to show the detailed contents as examples. This study would provide communities that face holistic regeneration, an insight, planning skills, creative and realistic ideas for implementation, thereby empowers planning capability toward holistic regeneration. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-286
Number of pages8
JournalBuilding and Environment
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. R11-2008-098-00000-0).

Funding Information:
Cooper F. Urban revitalisation in Ballymun and resident participation techniques. In: Lee Y, editor. A final report on holistic housing regeneration case based on residents participation from High-Tech Urban Development Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs 2009;1–62.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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