Imaging doubled shot noise in a Josephson scanning tunneling microscope

K. M. Bastiaans, D. Cho, D. Chatzopoulos, M. Leeuwenhoek, C. Koks, M. P. Allan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We have imaged the current noise with atomic resolution in a Josephson scanning tunneling microscope with a Pb-Pb junction. By measuring the current noise as a function of applied bias, we reveal the change from single-electron tunneling above the superconducting gap energy to double-electron charge transfer below the gap energy when Andreev processes become dominant. Our spatially resolved noise maps show that this doubling occurs homogeneously on the surface, and also on impurity locations, demonstrating that indeed the charge pairing is not influenced by disruptions in the superconductor smaller than the superconducting coherence length.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104506
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 5

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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