Identification of residues essential for a two-step reaction by malonyl-CoA synthetase from Rhizobium trifolii

Jae Hyung An, Gha Young Lee, Jin Won Jung, Weontae Lee, Yu Sam Kim

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Malonyl-CoA synthetase (MCS) catalyses the formation of malonyl-CoA in a two-step reaction consisting of the adenylation of malonate with ATP followed by malonyl transfer from malonyl-AMP to CoA. In order to identify amino acid residues essential for each step of the enzyme, catalysis based on chemical modification and database analysis, Arg-168, Lys-170, and His-206 were selected for site-directed mutagenesis. Glutathione-S-transferase-fused enzyme (GST-MCS) was constructed and mutagenized to make R168G, K170M, R168G/K170M and H206L mutants, respectively. The MCS activity of soluble form GST-MCS was the same as that of wild-type MCS. Circular dichroism spectra for the four mutant enzymes were nearly identical to that for the GST-MCS, indicating that Arg-168, Lys-170 and His-206 are not important for conformation but presumably for substrate binding and/or catalysis. HPLC analysis of products revealed that the intermediate malonyl-AMP is not accumulated during MCS catalysis and that none of the mutant enzymes accumulated it either. Kinetic analysis of the mutants revealed that Lys-170 and His-206 play a critical role for ATP binding and the formation of malonyl-AMP, whereas Arg-168 is critical for formation of malonyl-CoA and specificity for malonyl-AMP. Molecular modelling based on the crystal structures of luciferase and gramicidin S synthetase 1 provided MCS structure which could fully explain all these biochemical data even though the MCS model was generated by comparative modelling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Nov 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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