Recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have increased the opportunities for users to interact with the technology. Now, users can even collaborate with AI in creative activities such as art. To understand the user experience in this new user-AI collaboration, we designed a prototype, DuetDraw, an AI interface that allows users and the AI agent to draw pictures collaboratively. We conducted a user study employing both quantitative and qualitative methods. Thirty participants performed a series of drawing tasks with the think-aloud method, followed by post-hoc surveys and interviews. Our findings are as follows: (1) Users were significantly more content with DuetDraw when the tool gave detailed instructions. (2) While users always wanted to lead the task, they also wanted the AI to explain its intentions but only when the users wanted it to do so. (3) Although users rated the AI relatively low in predictability, controllability, and comprehensibility, they enjoyed their interactions with it during the task. Based on these findings, we discuss implications for user interfaces where users can collaborate with AI in creative works.
|Title of host publication||CHI 2018 - Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems|
|Subtitle of host publication||Engage with CHI|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery|
|ISBN (Electronic)||9781450356206, 9781450356213|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Apr 20|
|Event||2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2018 - Montreal, Canada|
Duration: 2018 Apr 21 → 2018 Apr 26
|Name||Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings|
|Conference||2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2018|
|Period||18/4/21 → 18/4/26|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 ACM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design