Hydrophilic group formation and cell culturing on polystyrene Petri-dish modified by ion-assisted reaction

Ki Hwan Kim, Jun Sik Cho, Doo Jin Choi, Seok Keun Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Polystyrene (PS) Petri-dishes were modified by an ion-assisted reaction (IAR) to improve wettability and to supply a suitable surface for cell culturing. Low energy Ar+ ions with 1000 eV were irradiated on the surface of PS in oxygen gas environment. Water contact angles of PS were not reduced much by ion irradiation without oxygen gas and had a value of 40°. In the case of ion irradiation with flowing oxygen gas, however, the water contact angles were dropped significantly from 73° to 19°. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that the hydrophilic groups were formed on the surface of PS by a chemical reaction between unstable chains induced by ion irradiation and the oxygen gas. Newly formed hydrophilic groups were identified as -(C-O)-, -(C=O)- and -(C=O)-O- bonds. The influence of the surface modification on growth of the rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells was investigated. The IAR-treated PS surfaces showed enhanced attachment and growth in PC12 cell culture test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-547
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr
Event12th International Conference on Ion Beam Modification of Materials - Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Duration: 2000 Sept 32000 Sept 8

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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