Hybrid fabrication of piezoelectric thick films using a sol-infiltration and photosensitive direct-patterning technique

Jin Hyung Lee, Jeong Hoon Lee, Sang Kyung Kim, Hyung Ho Park, Tae Song Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We propose a hybrid fabrication technique for piezoelectric thick films using sol-infiltration and a direct-patterning process. To achieve the demands of high-density and direct-patterning at a low sintering temperature, a photosensitive lead zirconate titanate (PZT) solution was infiltrated into a lead zinc niobate–lead zirconate titanate (PZN–PZT) thick film. The direct-patterned PZT films were formed on a locally screen-printed thick film, using a photomask and UV light. By optimizing the thickness of the photosensitive PZT layer, the hybrid films that were prepared with a 120-s soaking time of PZT sol showed a very dense and uniform microstructure with a large grain size at a low sintering temperature of 800 °C. It also had enhanced electrical properties. The measured remnant polarization (Pr) and coercive field (Ec) were 14.61 μC cm−2 and 24.16 kV cm−1, respectively. The Pr value was over four times greater than those of the screen-printed films. We fabricated array-type piezoelectric resonators with direct-patterned PZN–PZT thick films to show the ability of the direct-patterning of the PZT thick film on a silicon wafer for actuator and sensor application, especially for mass production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3845-3853
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported financially by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. : 2V02910 and 2E25590).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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