Human ACAT inhibitory effects of shikonin derivatives from Lithospermum erythrorhizon

Sojin An, Yong Dae Park, Young Ki Paik, Tae Sook Jeong, Woo Song Lee

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Three naphthoquinones were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation from the CHCl3 extracts of roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. They were identified as acetylshikonin (1), isobutyrylshikonin (2), and β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin (3) on the basis of their spectroscopic analyses. The compounds 1-3 were tested for their inhibitory activities against human ACAT-1 (hACAT-1) or human ACAT-2 (hACAT-2). Compound 2 preferentially inhibited hACAT-2 (IC50 = 57.5 μM) than hACAT-1 (32% at 120 μM), whereas compounds 1 and 3 showed weak inhibitory activities in both hACAT-1 and -2. To develop more potent hACAT inhibitor, shikonin derivatives (5-11) were synthesized by semi-synthesis of shikonin (4), which was prepared by hydrolysis of 1-3. Among them, compounds 5 and 7 exhibited the strong inhibitory activities against hACAT-1 and -2. Furthermore, we demonstrated that compound 7 behaved as a potent ACAT inhibitor in not only in vitro assay system but also cell-based assay system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1116
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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