Honeycomb-Like Interconnected Network of Nickel Phosphide Heteronanoparticles with Superior Electrochemical Performance for Supercapacitors

Shude Liu, Kalimuthu Vijaya Sankar, Aniruddha Kundu, Ming Ma, Jang Yeon Kwon, Seong Chan Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


Transition-metal-based heteronanoparticles are attracting extensive attention in electrode material design for supercapacitors owing to their large surface-to-volume ratios and inherent synergies of individual components; however, they still suffer from limited interior capacity and cycling stability due to simple geometric configurations, low electrochemical activity of the surface, and poor structural integrity. Developing an elaborate architecture that endows a larger surface area, high conductivity, and mechanically robust structure is a pressing need to tackle the existing challenges of electrode materials. This work presents a supercapacitor electrode consisting of honeycomb-like biphasic Ni5P4-Ni2P (NixPy) nanosheets, which are interleaved by large quantities of nanoparticles. The optimized NixPy delivers an ultrahigh specific capacity of 1272 C g-1 at a current density of 2 A g-1, high rate capability, and stability. An asymmetric supercapacitor employing as-synthesized NixPy as the positive electrode and activated carbon as the negative electrode exhibits significantly high power and energy densities (67.2 W h kg-1 at 0.75 kW kg-1 20.4 W h kg-1 at 15 kW kg-1). These results demonstrate that the novel nanostructured NixPy can be potentially applied in high-performance supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21829-21838
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was fully supported by the Korean Government (MSIP) (No. 2015R1A5A1037668) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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