Histogram-derived modified thresholds for coronary artery calcium scoring with lower tube voltage

Sungwon Kim, Chan Joo Lee, Kyunghwa Han, Kye Ho Lee, Hye Jeong Lee, Sungha Park

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2 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to determine the proper modified thresholds for detecting and weighting CAC scores at 100 kV through histogram matching in comparison with 120 kV as a standard reference. From the training set (680 participants), modified thresholds at 100 kV were obtained through histogram matching of calcium pixels to 120 kV. From the validation set (213 participants), a standard CAC score at 120 kV, and modified CAC score at 100 kV using modified thresholds were compare through the paired t test and the Bland–Altman plot. Agreement for risk categories (no, minimal, mild, moderate, and severe) was evaluated using kappa statistics. Radiation doses were also compared. For the validation set, there was no significant difference between standard (median, 18.7; IQR, 0.0–207.0) and modified (median, 17.3; IQR, 0.0–220.9) CAC scores (P = 0.689). A small bias was achieved (0.74) with 95% limits of agreement from − 52.35 to 53.83. Agreements for risk categories were excellent (κ = 0.994). The mean dose-length-product of 100-kV scanning (30.1 ± 0.8 mGy * cm) was significantly decreased compared to 120-kV scanning (42.9 ± 0.6 mGy * cm) (P < 0.001). Histogram-derived modified thresholds at 100 kV can enable accurate CAC scoring while reducing radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17450
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

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