Highly soluble fluorinated polyimides synthesized with hydrothermal process towards sustainable green technology

Juheon Lee, Seungho Baek, Jinsu Kim, Sangrae Lee, Jinyoung Kim, Haksoo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Polyimides, a widely used engineering plastic, require use of large amounts of toxic and hazardous organic solvents which threaten our daily lives, calling for new and easy synthetic methods for sustainable environmentally friendly development. In this paper, highly soluble fluorinated polyimides based on 4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene) diphthalic anhydride were synthesized via hydrothermal process without using any toxic organic solvents and the advantages of the newly demonstrated synthetic methods are shown by comparative analysis performed with the two conventional synthetic methods using organic solvent: thermal and chemical imidization. Lower temperature is required (~200C) compared to thermal imidization and functional groups for high fusibility formed more easily compared to chemical imidization. According to the comparative analysis, hydrothermally synthesized PIs showed excellent solubility and maintained high thermal stability (>500C) and glass transition temperature (>300C) compared to conventional PI. The hydrothermally synthesized polyimide is much more convenient to store and manage than other form of polyimide which is much more stable when it is exposed to humidity as it is a powder form. The hydrothermal synthetic method is verified to be a “Green” and facile method for sustainable PI synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3824
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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