Highly selective detection of dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) using CuO nanoparticles /ZnO flowers heterojunction

Ran Yoo, Somi Yoo, Dongmei Lee, Jeongmin Kim, Sungmee Cho, Wooyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Here we report the fabrication of high surface area CuO nanoparticles (NPs) on micron-scale ZnO (CuO/ZnO) “flowers” with dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) gas sensing capabilities. The formation of CuO NPs/ZnO heterojunction structures was confirmed by PXRD and TEM analyses. The gas sensing properties of the CuO NPs/ZnO structures showed a faster response time (26.2 s) compared to the exclusively ZnO-based sensor (330 s). The heterojunction sensors demonstrated the highest selectivity in 10 ppm DMMP, reaching the high value of 626.21 at 350 °C. This CuO NPs/ZnO heterojunction structure provides an extension of the depletion layer and an increase of the resistance (Ra) in air, leading to a reduction of the depletion layer and resistance (Rg) when exposed to reducing DMMP gas. The higher surface area (6.0 m2/g) of the CuO/ZnO heterojunction structure with a 0.5 h synthesis time of the ZnO flowers further promoted the adsorption kinetics for the reaction between C3H9O3P and O2− when exposed to DMMP, thus enhancing its sensing properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1105
Number of pages7
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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