Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of bicycle users has increased, raising concerns regarding bicycle safety. Although various small electronic devices have been used to ensure bicycle safety, such devices require an external battery, which introduces certain limitations such as recharging requirements. Several researchers have investigated methods to sustainably harvest energy from bicycles. Triboelectric-generator-based solutions, which can utilize the mechanical motion of a rolling tire can serve as the auxiliary power source of small electronics or self-powered sensors. However, research on practical and reliable bicycle-related triboelectric nanogenerators is limited. In this study, a triboelectric bicycle tire (TBT) was developed, considering the actual material/structure of commercial bicycle tires, and the novel electricity-generation mechanism was clarified. As the TBT system had a fully inserted (packaged) structure, it could generate extremely stable electrical output for 120,000 cycles. The electrical performance was quantitatively analyzed depending on the design parameters and riding situation. The findings demonstrated that the TBT system can be effectively used to enhance bicycle safety; according to the peak magnitude and waveform data, the TBT system can function as a self-powered bicycle pressure sensor. Second, the freestanding-mode TBT system can be utilized as a self-powered bicycle safety light in real time, demonstrated by its ability to power LEDs.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering