High-Temperature Current Collection Enabled by the in Situ Phase Transformation of Cobalt-Nickel Foam for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Insung Lee, Mi Young Park, Hyo Jin Kim, Jong Ho Lee, Jun Young Park, Jongsup Hong, Kyeong Il Kim, Manho Park, Jung Yeul Yun, Kyung Joong Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


For the commercial development of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), cathode current collection has been one of the most challenging issues because it is extremely difficult to form continuous electric paths between two rigid components in a high-temperature oxidizing atmosphere. Herein, we present a Co-Ni foam as an innovative cathode current collector that fulfills all strict thermochemical and thermomechanical requirements for use in SOFCs. The Co-Ni foam is originally in the form of a metal alloy, offering excellent mechanical properties and manufacturing tolerance during stack assembly and startup processes. Then, it is converted to the conductive spinel oxide in situ during operation and provides nearly ideal structural and chemical characteristics as a current collector, gas distributor, and load-bearing component. The functionality and durability of the Co-Ni foam are verified by unit cell test and 1 kW-class stack operation, demonstrating performance that is equivalent to that of precious metals as well as an exceptional stability under dynamic conditions with severe temperature and current variations. This work highlights a cost-effective technique to achieve highly reliable electric contacts over the large area using the in situ metal-to-ceramic phase transformation that could be applied to various high-temperature electrochemical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39407-39415
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was financially supported by the Energy Technology Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (no. 20153010031940) and the Institutional Research Program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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