High preoperative serum syndecan-1, a marker of endothelial glycocalyx degradation, and severe acute kidney injury after valvular heart surgery

Hye Bin Kim, Sarah Soh, Young Lan Kwak, Jae Chan Bae, Sang Hwa Kang, Jong Wook Song

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Degradation of endothelial glycocalyx (EG) is associated with inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, which may contribute to the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). We investigated the association between a marker of EG degradation and AKI after valvular heart surgery. Serum syndecan-1 concentrations were measured at induction of anesthesia and discontinuation of cardiopulmonary bypass in 250 patients. Severe AKI was defined as Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Criteria Stage 2 or 3. Severe AKI occurred in 13 patients (5%). Receiver operating characteristic analysis of preoperative syndecan-1 to predict severe AKI showed area under curve of 0.714 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.575–0.853; p = 0.009). The optimal cut-off value was 90 ng/mL, with a sensitivity of 61.5% and specificity of 78.5%. In multivariable analysis, both preoperative syndecan-1 ≥ 90 ng/mL and Cleveland Clinic Foundation score independently predicted severe AKI. Severe tricuspid regurgitation was more frequent (42.4% vs. 17.8%, p < 0.001), and baseline right ventricular systolic pressure (41 (33–51) mmHg vs. 33 (27–43) mmHg, p = 0.001) and TNF-α (1.85 (1.37–2.43) pg/mL vs. 1.45 (1.14–1.92) pg/mL, p <0.001) were higher in patients with high preoperative syndecan-1. Patients with high preoperative syndecan-1 had longer hospital stay (16 (12–24) days vs. 13 (11–17) days, p = 0.001). In conclusion, a high preoperative syndecan-1 concentration greater than 90 ng/mL was able to predict severe AKI after valvular heart surgery and was associated with prolonged hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1803
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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