High β-phase Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Using a Thermally Decomposable Molecular Splint

Jinwoo Choi, Kyuho Lee, Minhwan Lee, Taebin Kim, Sangwon Eom, Jae Hyun Sim, Won Bo Lee, Yong Joo Kim, Cheolmin Park, Youngjong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


An additive, 1,4-butadiene sulfone (BDS), which generates H2SO3 by in situ thermal retro-Diels-Alder decompositions, is used for preparing high β-phase polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) films. Because of preferential multiple non-covalent interactions of H2SO3 with all-trans configuration of PVDF, β-phase PVDF is spontaneously induced without mechanical drawing and/or extensive thermal annealing process. PVDF films cast from PVDF/BDS/water solutions exhibit high β-phase content (fβ = 95%) when the BDS concentration is only cBDS = 1.0 wt%, which is confirmed by polarized optical microscopy (POM), SEM, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scan calorimetry (DSC), and 2D grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS). Because of the high β-phase content, PVDF films prepared by using BDS exhibit excellent ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties (Ec = 50 MV/m, Pr = 5 µC/cm2, and d33 = ≈-25 pm/V). Furthermore, a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) developed with high β-phase PVDF film exhibits enhanced performance as 2.5 times higher than neat PVDF film in output charge density, allowing reliable operation of conventional electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200279
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Advanced Electronic Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'High β-phase Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Using a Thermally Decomposable Molecular Splint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this