HDAC6 deacetylates p53 at lysines 381/382 and differentially coordinates p53-induced apoptosis

Hyun Wook Ryu, Dong Hee Shin, Dong Hoon Lee, Junjeong Choi, Gyoonhee Han, Kang Young Lee, So Hee Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


HDAC6-selective inhibitors represent promising new cancer therapeutic agents, but their precise mechanisms of action are not well understood. In particular, p53's role in HDAC6 inhibitor-induced effects has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we show that an HDAC6-selective inhibitor, A452, increased wild-type p53 levels by destabilizing MDM2, but decreased mutant p53 by inducing MDM2 and inhibiting Hsp90-mutant p53 complex formation. Interestingly, HDAC6 levels inversely correlated with p53 acetylation at lysines 381/382 associated with p53 functional activation. A452 blocked HDAC6 nuclear localization, resulting in increased levels of acetylated p53 at Lys381/382. HDAC6 bound to the C-terminal region of p53 via its deacetylase domain. A452 disrupted the HDAC6-Hsp90 chaperone machinery via Hsp90 acetylation and degradation. Furthermore, it chemosensitized cancer cells to the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-AAG. Overall, silencing of HDAC6 showed similar effects. These findings suggest that the anticancer action of HDAC6 inhibitors requires p53 and Hsp90 and targeting of HDAC6 may represent a new therapeutic strategy for cancers regardless of p53's mutation status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-171
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2014R1A1A2054026).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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