Pb1-xBaxNb2O6 (PBN) single crystals have been grown by the vertical Bridgman method in the composition range of 1 - x = 0.5-0.6. Centimeter size crystals have been grown using Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 (SBN 61) single-crystal seeds which have the same tungsten bronze structure and a higher melting temperature. Compositional analysis of the PBN boules revealed that mass transport in the melt is dominated by diffusion, making possible crystals of uniform axial composition from an incongruent melt composition. A crystal grown at 1 mm/h exhibited a radial composition inhomogeneity caused by a concave melt/solid interface. When the growth rate was reduced to 0.5 mm/h, the interface became almost planar and thus little compositional inhomogeneity in the radial direction was found. A Ce-doped PBN crystal has also been grown using a PBN single-crystal seed. The Ce-doped crystal had an orange to brown color, in contrast to the light yellowish color of undoped crystals, and had a broadband absorption, from near the interband transition throughout most of the visible spectrum.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the Defence Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) through the Center for Nonlinear Optical Materials (CNOM) at Stanford University and through the Photorefractive Information Storage Materials (PRISM) Program Consortium [Contract number: MDA 972-94-2-0008]. Facilities support was provided by the NSF/MRSEC Program through the Center for Materials Research at Stanford University.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry