In situ phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon) films grown on silicon oxide layers using trisilane (Si3H8) and phosphine (PH3) as precursors are investigated as a function of the Si3H8/PH3 gas flow ratio and the growth temperature. At a high flow rate for Si3H8 in the temperature range of 600-700 °C, the deposition process is controlled by the rate of desorption of hydrogen molecules on the surface, which has an activation energy of 1.13 eV. For a low Si3H8 flow rate at growth temperatures >650 °C, however, the deposition is limited by the diffusion of Si3H8 gas to the surface. The presence of phosphorus decreases the crystallization temperature of the polysilicon layers during growth. In addition, the ratio of phosphorus incorporated into the polysilicon decreases with increasing growth temperature because of the increase in the growth rate. The resistivity of the phosphorus-doped polysilicon films decreases with increasing deposition temperature at the same phosphorus concentration, indicating that the use of a high growth temperature results in an enhancement in the activation of phosphorus in the polysilicon films during growth.
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 May|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films