Graphene nanoribbons formed by a sonochemical graphene unzipping using flavin mononucleotide as a template

Woojin Yoon, Yonggeun Lee, Hongje Jang, Myungsu Jang, Jin Sung Kim, Hee Sung Lee, Seongil Im, Doo Wan Boo, Jiwoong Park, Sang Yong Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


When the width of a graphene nanoribbon (GNR) is only a few nanometers, it possesses semiconducting properties that enable various high-end electronic applications. In this study, we report that the dense and stable dispersion of a natural graphite formed using flavin mononucleotide (FMN) as a surfactant produces GNRs as small as 10 nm in width. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals GNRs with various widths, along with a graphene flake containing straight-edged GNRs and cuts, depending on substrate treatments. Such nanoribbon formation originates from sonochemical graphene unzipping with a one-dimensional FMN supramolecular ribbon as a template. Raman spectroscopy demonstrates the universal intensity ratio of D over D0 bands near 4, supporting formation of continuous edge defect. Thermal annealing enhances the optical contrast and van der Waals interactions of the graphene film, resulting in increased conductivity compared to the as-prepared graphene film, which is also better than that of reduced graphene oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-638
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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